Learn French in France

French language tests and exams

Nationally recognised diplomas DCL - Diplôme de compétence en langue Proficiency tests Paris-Sorbonne University Diplomas Paris Ile-de-France Chamber of Commerce and Industry exams Access to the French nationality Other French tests and certifications

The Common European Framework of Reference for Languages

The CEFR - a Council of Europe initiative - is the reference document that describes and standardises language proficiency levels for the purposes of developing standards, tests and certification in the language field.

Nationally recognised diplomas


DILF: Diplôme initial de langue française (Initial French Language Diploma)

DELF: Diplôme d’études en langue française (French Language Studies Diploma)

DALF: Diplôme approfondi de langue française (Advanced French Language Diploma)

These diplomas, intended solely for non-French citizens, provide official certification of proficiency, practice and mastery of the French language. They are issued "for life". The DELF and DALF diplomas can be sat for and obtained independently of each other, in the same country or in different countries and without any restriction on the time period.

Information on the CIEP website

The DALF certifies that its holder is apt to receive a higher education in France under suitable conditions and exempts its holder from any other French language exams for admission into French universities.
Sample DELF/DALF exams: Site esk@web

Preparing for the DELF/DALF

DCL - Diplôme de Compétence en Langue (Language Proficiency Diploma)
Created by the Ministry of Education specifically for adults, the DCL is designed to meet the needs of professionals. DCL tests cover five skill sets:

- reading comprehension

- listening comprehension or French sign language (FSL) comprehension

- oral expression or FSL expression

- written expression

- oral interaction or interaction in FSL.

There are two versions of the DCL: the DCL FLE for everyday French, and the DCL FP for business French.

DELF-DALF : 4 options for specific audiences

- Children aged 8 to 12, in primary education

DELF junior
- Adolescents in school education

DELF scolaire
- Adolescents in school education

- Persons undergoing vocational integration or promotion

DCL - Diplôme de compétence en langue


Delivered by the Ministry of Education, the DCL is a professional national diploma intended specifically for the adults.

It answers the needs of the economic world and appears in two versions :

  • DCL FLE for usual French - levels A2 to C1
  • DCL FP for professional French - levels A1 and A2.

Proficiency tests

TCF- Test de Connaissance du Français (French Knowledge Test)

This is a general French language proficiency test for all non-French speakers who, for professional or personal reasons, wish to obtain quick, simple, reliable certification of their knowledge in French. The test places candidates on a six-level scale (corresponding to the six levels of the European Framework for Languages).

TEF - Test d’Evaluation de Français (French Evaluation Test)

The Paris Chamber of Commerce and Industry’s TEF test is recognised by the French national educational system. It also places candidates on the European Framework for Languages six-level scale. Students wishing to enrol in first-year courses at a French university can sit for the TEF tests.

French citizenship test preparation

Under the new provisions introduced by the French Interior Ministry, as of 1 January 2012, all persons needing to justify their level of French proficiency as part of an application for French citizenship must now qualify for the B1 level in spoken French.

The following French proficiency tests are approved:




Applicants with DELF B1 diplomas or higher are exempted from this procedure.

Et aussi :

TFI - Test de Français International
Proposé par Education Testing Service
> L’équivalent du TOEFL pour le français.

BULATS – Business Langugage Testing Service
Elaboré par l’Université de Cambridge en coopération avec l’Alliance Française, le Goethe Institut, ALTE - the Association of Language Testers in Europe - et l’Institut Cervantès. Orienté vers des situations de communication professionnelle.

Paris-Sorbonne University Diplomas


Since 1961, Paris-Sorbonne University offers french language proficiency tests for foreign students, and provides 5 different certificates / diplomas in French as a second language.

Certificat intermédiaire de langue française B1 > Niveau seuil

Certificat pratique de langue française - module "Compréhension et expression" B2
> Examen d’entrée à l’Université en Licence (hors DAP), en Master ou en Doctorat.
Certificat pratique de langue française C1
> Dispense les ressortissants de l’Union européenne du test linguistique exigé à l’Université Paris-Sorbonne.
Diplôme de langue et littérature françaises C2
> Dispense de tout test linguistique pour l’inscription à l’Université Paris-Sorbonne.
Diplôme supérieur d’études françaises "C3"
> Réservé aux titulaires du baccalauréat français ou d’un titre équivalent.

Information and contact > Service des Examens de Langue Française réservés aux Étudiants Étrangers - Université Paris-Sorbonne

Paris Ile-de-France Chamber of Commerce and Industry exams


Main CCI Paris Ile-de-France diplomas

Les diplômes de français professionnel de la Chambre de Commerce et d’Industrie Paris Ile-de-France - s’adressent à tous ceux qui souhaitent valider leur capacité à communiquer en français dans un contexte professionnel.

Les DFP de niveaux A2 et B1 : généralistes, s’adressent à tous ceux qui veulent débuter en français professionnel.

Les DFP de niveaux B1, C1 et C2 : permettent de maîtriser les savoir-faire généraux communs à toute forme de communication professionnelle

Les DFP "Spécialités" s’adressent à tous ceux qui souhaitent communiquer en français dans un contexte professionnel spécifique.



DFP Tourisme et hôtellerie B1
DFP Science et technique B1

DFP Secrétariat B1
DFP Secrétariat B2

DFP juridique B2

DFP médical B2

DFP Affaires B2
DFP Affaires C1
DFP Affaires C2

Informations et contact > Centre de langue française de la CCIP

Access to the French nationality

Every person that must prove its level of French to acquire the French nationality has to bring the proof which she has the level required by knowledge of the national language, that is the level B1 but only in the oral: " take part in a conversation " - " express himself orally continuously "...

The applicants have to produce: or a school diploma - French General Certificat Secondary Education, CAP (VOCATIONAL TRAINING QUALIFICATION,COURSE,CAPE), BEP (VOCATIONAL DIPLOMA) - or a certificate of language level delivered by a certification, private or public body, approved by the French Ministry of the Interior.

Certifications of French approved by the Ministry of the Interior
TCF - Test de Connaissance du Français delivered by the international Center of educational studies
TEF - Test d’Évaluation de Français delivered by the Chambre of commerce et d’industrie of Paris Ile de France
DCL FLE - Diplôme de Compétence en Langue
BULATS – Business Language Testing Service

Certificate of language skills delivered by a certified body FLI->http://www.immigration.interieur.gouv.fr/fr/Accueil-et-accompagnement/La-nationalite-francaise/Les-organismes-de-certification]

Learn more > Les dispositifs d’apprentissage du français pour les étrangers

Other French tests and certifications

Le Certificat Voltaire
A level certification in spelling.

La Certification Le Robert
The only global certification in French language : spelling, grammar, expression and vocabulary.

Evaluation of oral communication level in French by telephone. For companies and for private individuals.